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Saturday, 1 November 2014


Indexing as a universal method of information representation widely identifies key concepts relating to words or phrases derived from facets taken from the original document. It's representative activity focuses on how these terms are collected. Thus, it is plausible to infer, indexing comes with different types depending on the function and relationship it has in a controlled vocabulary environment. Keywords, synonyms, and text all serve as functions attributed to the document because for indexing to work effectively there must be a relationship with what terms can be successfully indexed and how these keywords are directly related to what has been indexed.

Indexing serves as another format of controlled vocabulary, where it can  directly identify what is in its controlled vocabulary with reference to documents retrieved. The types of indexing involved, namely, derivative indexing uses synonyms for keywords found in documents as index terms; free indexing is considered to be an index with no controlled vocabulary, it might suggest there is no thesaurus; whereas assignment indexing implies the use of identifies being created for the benefit not finding terms equivalent to what exists in its controlled vocabulary environment, however identifies are not found in a controlled setting. There is no doubt there are forms of indexing that require much discussion.

The activities of indexing is a cause of much debate amongst information practitioners, in as much as to imply is its role in information retrieval. The digital age we reside in, automotive technology is still playing a leading role towards delivering making information readily available to its users. This focus has fallen on to camps as to where indexing could play a significant part in the future, this involves mechanical and intellectual elements being contributory partners to indexing using computers as main stake holder in handling both mechanical and intellectual parts of indexing, however, there would need to be significant investment in research in artificial intelligence for this to become reality. For the time being, computers with indexing systems will continue to handle mechanical operations and human focus on the intellectual portion of indexing. Automatic indexing known as machine indexing does exist, but consist of limited intellectual part of indexing using a variety of algorithms for which keyword searching is most popular and has been extensively implemented.

Sunday, 26 October 2014

LIS Interview Questions to ask

Information Systems questions:
1. How far do you see your service becoming totally self-service orientated in the future?
2. What difficulties have you seen in making the intranet the preferred means of communication for all staff?
3. How could these problems be overcome?
4. How is the development of the IT infrastructure represented in your service strategy?
5. Do you have a plan for replacing and upgrading equipment in the medium to long term?
6. What is the relationship between the information services, IT support and other service providers in your organization?
7. How has this developed over the last five years?
8. What problems have been encountered and how we're they addressed?
9. How has the role of information systems staff changed in your organization?
10. What changes can be anticipated for the next five years?

Information Skills questions:
1. How do you market your information skills programme at present?
2. How do you cater for customers with special needs, e.g. isolated users or infrequent customers, such as part-time or distance students?
3. How could service provision be improved?
4. Who is involved in delivering information skills programmes, and why?
5. How does information skills training fit into your relationships with your sponsors?

People Management questions:
1. What motivates you?
2. How has this changed over recent years?
3. Are your colleagues motivated in different ways?
4. What is the staffing structure in your organisation?
5. What are its strengths and weaknesses?
6. What are the benefits of teamwork?
7. From your experience, what promotes or prevents teamwork?
8. How can this be addressed?
9. What is the equal opportunities policy of your organization?
10. How are equal opportunities supported in your library or information service?

Financial Management questions:
1. What are the main sources of income for your information service as a whole?
2. Has the funding pattern changed significantly over the last five years?
3. How do you expect your service to be funded over the next five years?
4. Who determines the overall and the detailed level of funding for your service?
5. What are the main factors and processes that influence these decisions?
6. How do you personally contribute to the planning and budgeting cycle?

Volunteer Public Library fundraising ideas

Holding an arts bazaar in your library space, partner with community artists, and get lots of people to come in and see what your library does, and ask them to make a contribution. Allow them to come and talk about what the library means to them, and how the community can continue to support the library.
Partner with a local technical non-profit organization to allow them to hold computer classes in your library, particularly classes on information and digital skills literacy for example digital assets estate planning and on-going digital rights; even doing some joint spring fundraising together to acknowledge the new role of libraries in enabling low income people to use technology.
Lease space in the library to other small businesses.
Selling T-shirts, bags, pens and key-rings.
Ask college/university student union club/societies to organize social gatherings for your library.
Get a group of cyclists to do a long ride for your library, and get people to sponsor them.
Hold a festival around your library cause and ask people to make a contribution.
Art show and sale auction.
Fashion show and auction off fashion clothes.
Author luncheon, author reading and author signing.
Craft show and sale.
Other fundraising activities to consider: jumble sales, read a thing, interest groups conferencing etc.
Charge groups for meeting rooms.
Financial literacy classes/sessions from understanding your tax to budgeting your shopping bill.
Pro-bono law students taking on cases to offer as legal drop-in services.
Career information drop-in advice service.
Knowledge Cafes for specific user groups underrepresented.
Living library or Human library
Business start-ups sessions and advice

Information Retrieval use of search engines

IR facilitates how search engines exploit natural language keywords or phrases to locate information gathered from a controlled source. It is this source called metadata which depends on organised structures to define how this digital data of information is maintained. The principal technology for an information need is IR (Information Retrieval), and yet it's full potential needs to be fully released amongst users who literal understanding of the IR or information retrieval system, in some cases still remains thorough primitive. We are confronted with our reality of how we perceive this challenge, we want instant information immediately without going through all the different stages involved to get there. Our reality cannot be totally relied upon when implementing our search retrieval strategy, we need some forms of control measure imported into the exercise to demonstrate the validity of our query investigations. One of the benefits of all information retrieval system is its ability to use natural language as representation of communication interface between the users and information representation this in fact could mean anything from a database to a user friendly search interface on a display screen.
Information retrieval is our identity fingerprint when entering digital information as metadata on the Internet contrary to traditional printed formats. The Internet as a hypertext platform can accommodate diversifying array of metadata formats using metadata standards such as Resource Description Framework, Dublin Core and many others, as software programs import variable formats with an upgrade capacity which is compatible with current standards for describing and organizing digital information. The metadata format has expanded into the traditional cataloguing space once reserved for printed materials such like books, journals, and documents. Then what is our perception of metadata? Well, it is digital information including: audio, video, text, pictures, and documents that can be stored, described or organized into other organized structural schemes by cataloguing, classification or database systems. Metadata conforms to hyperstructure system where HTML tags and hyperlinks enables indexed documents to be linked together.
Previous examples of metadata standards was given in the second of the paragraph, these involve Resource Description Framework (RDF) which form the infrastructure for encoding, modelling and exchanging metadata.  RDF uses XML (Extensive Markup Language) to process metadata exchanges using Transfer Syntax, requires search engines to capture content found on the web. Another standard mentioned was Dublin Core found in content description on Websites, webpages networked by weblink relationships.
Information retrieval systems contain keyword indexing mechanisms assisted with keyword search engines arguably search engines namely AltaVista, Google, Bing demonstrate similar method in keyword indexing so it can digitally search the full text collected inside a database for information retrieved from what is known to be stored. Clearly it seems keyword indexing is another example of how information is digitally represented being searched and retrieved relating to both content and description fulfil multimedia representation as social networking platforms like YouTube, Facebook, Twitter etc., in a digital age. Information representation to prove a high standard of representation must demonstrate an effective and direct way of emphasis on those attributes which highlight data based on author, language, and publication year.
The question we need to ask, what other mechanisms are helping keyword indexing perform its retrieval delivery? It all relies upon what vocabulary a system has, in this instance, it is a controlled vocabulary can contain a language of communication whether artificial or natural. An artificial language known as Thesauri will classification scheme maintained with specific heading lists and subject areas. An natural language is based on the language people speak, write and learn in any society or culture allows substantial meanings or subject concepts for these to function effectively when searching or retrieving.
Users are often challenged by two important realities when it comes to retrieving information through an OPAC (Online Public Access Catalogue) system, firstly what is my strategy for finding information, and secondly how can these be successfully retrieved within a short space of time. This is particularly true of researchers though armed with a research project title, often displaced to find themselves short changed when it comes to their understanding how they themselves retrieve the information they want confidently without wasting time. In the real world, users approach the issue desk for a practitioner to take and analyse information needs. Why? So as to perform searches with regard to ever changing situations. To do this, users may select any number of online services to answer their search query, nevertheless, they may satisfy their curiosity to go for an online service that is known for its popularity hence, Google, and use commands to initiate their search strategy.

Thursday, 9 October 2014

Knowledge to Living Library Cafe Idea

The idea of living library café actually stem from another idea of introducing a knowledge café for black gay and bisexual men which out of discussions at our monthly Heart Circle meetings. I found it was very much needed as black gay, bisexual and trans men like talking about issues very close to home, thus believe it could be a platform to launch other initiatives from which in the past got started but never realized its full potential. So happens we are constantly re-inventing the wheel but never actually adding on or building up structures.
Researched the idea of a living library from online sources, and found the main purpose of establishing one was to foster a positive mental outlook that encourages social interactions and cooperation amongst individuals in a community. I believed creating one at London Friend would be an interesting way of breaking down stereotypes and prejudices among black gay, bisexual and trans men. It is also another way for us to use spaces which reflect our reality, and our journeys as to where we are right now. 
The concept of a living library is based on the coming together of individuals like ourselves from all walks of life in open and safe environment. Volunteer books are real people who are able to communicate their personal reality to the volunteer user selecting that experience thus helping to break down stereotypes and challenge attitudes about difference by fostering understanding among diverse members of our community. Also thought it would much powerful than knowledge café idea, as a living library café idea would draw out some very interesting dialogues amongst ourselves. How would this work?
Readers would be greeted by volunteer librarians and invited to select titles representing the "living books" available. The reader then "borrows" a book who is able to talk and answer questions in an open manner about their personal life experiences and values in order to advance the reader's understanding of their reality. Why would they want to participate?
The main reason for setting this initiative up would be to provide opportunities for learning while instilling a lifelong habit of questioning cherished assumptions that can paralyse our own growth, then the benefit would be to challenge members of the black lgbt community to examine their beliefs and attitudes towards difference.

Wednesday, 18 June 2014

What is a Folksonomy?

A Folksonomy is an unstructured or freely structured approach to classification of how a user personal collection would be designed thus a user driven system for organizing online information resources encourages social classification for users to add web pages linked to keywords.
This representation appears on those websites, in other words an personalisation approach enables users to tag freely their content and share with others.

Information Management Strategy

Information management strategy as I perceived it to be involves a process called a communication chain or information connection moving through various information lifecycles. Now what does this mean to us?
Managing information passes many lifecycles in other words it is disposed to becoming out of date, obsolete or totally redundant to the task it was previous thought fit for purpose. The key point here is communicating any strategy through an information connection or channel may also involve communicating through an information lifecycle. Driving any strategy requires communication in the format of recording information that travels in a lifecycle channel, information relies on what recorded data information has been disseminated from process to process using free energy.
Lifecycles and strategies complement each other but are normally dependent on structural frameworks designed to help facilitate life connection between their carriers of information and their information resources. Who are the carriers of information? We are these carriers or conduits of information which describes how information resources become dispersed in a ever changing environment, namely libraries and information spaces. This helps us understand how we ourselves impact our presence on how these information resources can be used in different information domains to drives those structural frameworks.

A Classification Scheme: library catalogue and automation

The main objective of a classification scheme is to use a library management system to organize information resources from the computer onto the shelf based on tools required for bibliographic information resources. The process of this organization must be systematic in the way items are arranged in a library. So how this works for library catalogue? A classification scheme in a library catalogue such as an online public access catalogue system creates a link between an item call number for that record and item located on the shelf, this allows the screen interface to display a list of call number items as references to help users finalise these items at a fixed locations for example library shelves. What if we decide to automate a classification scheme instead?
Automating classification schemes based on organizing bibliographic items for library shelves poses a lot problems when using existing classification models. Firstly, the expanse nature of information resources on the web make it difficult but almost impossible to classify such resources, as well as time and cost. Secondly, any emerging or new subjects, particularly interdisciplinary subjects would compromise this scheme therefore it can only cater for small rather specialized collections. There have been attempts to introduce automated classification schemes before, for example, Cyber Dewey, and Cyber Stacks have gradually become redundant in use. However, digital libraries and subject gateways replicate a form of bibliographic classification scheme tool in organizing internet information resources, for example, BUBL and ACMDigital Library.

Indexing using Aleph

What is indexing? How does this work in a library management system like Aleph? Well, my experience of using Aleph, for example to examine a record would bring up local user information where much of its index interface was designed as a systematic arrangement of entries made to enable user to locate specific information.
For instance, Aleph would have a series of main headings as part of a menu system, a user selects an activity that would display a collection list of operations on an index panel. The user registration shown on this panel was responsible for indexing a user's details in accordance to a user's information geared towards global and local levels in Aleph.